Symbol Take

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↑ — Take symbol — Keystroke(usually) ALT+y ; Character (⎕UCS) 8593

Usage

Dyadic function A↑B - where A is the number of elements to take and B is the vector or array to operate on. Take first(A is positive) n or last(A is negative) n elements of an array. Take and Rho share a similar property - the left argument specifies the size of the resultant array.

Examples

```      5↑1    ⍝Take the first 5 elements, given scalar integer 1
1 0 0 0 0    ⍝Result creates a vector of 5 elements, since only a single scalar was present, 4 additional zeroes are appended to the vector.

¯4↑45 78 33 99 10 11 12 13  ⍝Take the last 4 elements, given a vector of 8 integers
10 11 12 13   ⍝APL/NARS Interpreter returns the last 4 elements, a vector.

¯5↑'abcdefghijklmnop'
lmnop     ⍝Result is the last 5 elements from the alphabet sub-string(take's right argument), result is similarly a string.

A←3 4⍴⍳12   ⍝Store a 3-row by 4-column matrix of the set of integers from 1 through 12 in variable A
A   ⍝Display the contents of variable A, which has 3 rows and 4 columns of consecutive integers:
1  2  3  4
5  6  7  8
9 10 11 12
2 3↑A    ⍝Take just the FIRST 2 rows and 3 columns of variable A, display the requested results:
1 2 3
5 6 7

¯2 3↑A   ⍝Take the LAST 2 rows and FIRST 3 columns of variable A, display the results:
5  6  7
9 10 11

4 5↑A    ⍝Take 4 rows and 5 columns of variable A, ZEROES are APPENDED when left arguments exceed array sizes of a NUMERIC matrix.
1  2  3  4 0
5  6  7  8 0
9 10 11 12 0
0  0  0  0 0

¯4 ¯5↑A  ⍝Take negative 4 rows and negative 5 cols of variable A. Result: ZEROES are PREFIXED onto numeric matrix A:
0 0  0  0  0
0 1  2  3  4
0 5  6  7  8
0 9 10 11 12

```

See Also

• Rho: especially Dyadic rho and it's leftmost argument

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